Document Type



A new class of miniature printed embedded inverted-F antennas are proposed for operation in the 2.4-2.485 GHz wireless local-area network band. One of the proposed antennas on FR4 substrate (dielectric constant = 4.4) measures 9.2 mm by 4.1 mm and has a bandwidth of 3.5%. The peak gain of this antenna is 1.4 dBi. An overall size reduction of 70% is achieved compared to a conventional inverted-F antenna. Effects of dielectric loss tangent and material conductivity on the bandwidth and efficiency of these antennas are also investigated. Finally, two embedded antenna elements are analyzed to demonstrate the feasibility for a decoupled antenna pair consisting of switched and combining diversity schemes.