Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Electrical Engineering, Physics


We report on peer-to-peer large-scale wireless channel characteristics for an urban environment in six public-safety bands, for five simultaneous receiving sites. Results are based upon measurements taken in Denver in July 2009 with stationary receivers and a pedestrian transmitter. The six frequencies at which we measured are (in MHz) 430, 750, 905, 1834, 2400, and 4860. We quantify both site and frequency diversity, and show that 5-site selection yields minimum average gains of 15 dB in mean received power levels; 5-site selection diversity also reduces received power variation by 17-29 dB, depending on frequency. Frequency diversity yields similar gains. By approximating received powers as lognormal, we describe an analytical method to approximate the cdf of the per-site, or per-frequency (or both) maximum received power. These data and diversity models should be useful for public-safety and ad hoc communication system designers, and for cooperative diversity schemes, wherein multiple users act as a virtual array.