Transnational Integration Regimes as Development Programs
© 2010 by Laszlo Bruszt and Gerald A. McDermott
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In drawing on recent advances in international and comparative political economy, this paper argues that diverging paths of institutional development among emerging market democracies are driven by the Transnational Integration Regimes (TIRs), in which a country is embedded.
As development programs, TIRs differ in their effectiveness not simply in terms of their incentives and largess and more in terms of their emphasis on building institutional capacities, empowering a variety of domestic state and non-state actors via multiplex methods of assistance and monitoring, and their ability to merge monitoring and learning at both the national and supra-national levels. We develop a comparative framework to show these systematic differences through an analysis of the impact of the EU Accession Process on post-communist countries and NAFTA on Mexico, with special attention to the development of food safety regulatory institutions.