The Impact of Music Experience Sessions on Participants with Agitation Related to Dementia in a PACE Program
College of Nursing
Problem Statement: As dementia progresses, a person can experience behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD), such as agitation. There are numerous ways agitation can affect people with dementia (PWD), caregivers, and society, causing a negative impact on quality of life, stress, caregiver burnout, and economic stability for society (Lorusso & Bosch, 2018; Maseda et al., 2018; Travers et al., 2016). There were no formal protocols in place at a local Program of All-Inclusive Care for the Elderly (PACE) center to address agitation in participants related to dementia. Purpose: The purpose of this project was to determine if participating in a consistent bi-weekly music experience session program would decrease levels of agitation for PACE participants experiencing agitation related to dementia. Methods: Bi-weekly music experience sessions for an eight-week time frame were facilitated by the student with PACE participants with a known history of dementia. There were no restrictions on the participant’s age, sex, or ethnicity. Analysis: Before the first music experience session, an initial fourteen item Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory (CMAI) short form was completed by a dedicated certified nursing assistant (CNA). Subsequent CMAIs were completed four weeks from initiation of the music experience sessions, and after the last music experience session. Implications for Practice: Implementing scheduled music experience sessions may prevent or reduce episodes of agitation and improve quality of life.
Redd, Amy E., "The Impact of Music Experience Sessions on Participants with Agitation Related to Dementia in a PACE Program" (2022). Doctor of Nursing Practice Scholarly Projects. 24.
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