Background: Biological functions of biomolecules rely on the cellular compartments where they are located in cells. Importantly, RNAs are assigned in specific locations of a cell, enabling the cell to implement diverse biochemical processes in the way of concurrency. However, lots of existing RNA subcellular localization classifiers only solve the problem of single-label classification. It is of great practical significance to expand RNA subcellular localization into multi-label classification problem.
Results: In this study, we extract multi-label classification datasets about RNA-associated subcellular localizations on various types of RNAs, and then construct subcellular localization datasets on four RNA categories. In order to study Homo sapiens, we further establish human RNA subcellular localization datasets. Furthermore, we utilize different nucleotide property composition models to extract effective features to adequately represent the important information of nucleotide sequences. In the most critical part, we achieve a major challenge that is to fuse the multivariate information through multiple kernel learning based on Hilbert-Schmidt independence criterion. The optimal combined kernel can be put into an integration support vector machine model for identifying multi-label RNA subcellular localizations. Our method obtained excellent results of 0.703, 0.757, 0.787, and 0.800, respectively on four RNA data sets on average precision.
Conclusion: To be specific, our novel method performs outstanding rather than other prediction tools on novel benchmark datasets. Moreover, we establish user-friendly web server with the implementation of our method.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Published in BMC Genomics, Volume 22, Issue 1, 2021.
© The Author(s). 2021 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated in a credit line to the data.
Wang, H., Ding, Y., Tang, J., Zou, Q., & Guo, F. (2021). Identify RNA-associated subcellular localizations based on multi-label learning using Chou’s 5-steps rule. BMC Genomics, 22(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-020-07347-7