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Background: Biological functions of biomolecules rely on the cellular compartments where they are located in cells. Importantly, RNAs are assigned in specific locations of a cell, enabling the cell to implement diverse biochemical processes in the way of concurrency. However, lots of existing RNA subcellular localization classifiers only solve the problem of single-label classification. It is of great practical significance to expand RNA subcellular localization into multi-label classification problem.

Results: In this study, we extract multi-label classification datasets about RNA-associated subcellular localizations on various types of RNAs, and then construct subcellular localization datasets on four RNA categories. In order to study Homo sapiens, we further establish human RNA subcellular localization datasets. Furthermore, we utilize different nucleotide property composition models to extract effective features to adequately represent the important information of nucleotide sequences. In the most critical part, we achieve a major challenge that is to fuse the multivariate information through multiple kernel learning based on Hilbert-Schmidt independence criterion. The optimal combined kernel can be put into an integration support vector machine model for identifying multi-label RNA subcellular localizations. Our method obtained excellent results of 0.703, 0.757, 0.787, and 0.800, respectively on four RNA data sets on average precision.

Conclusion: To be specific, our novel method performs outstanding rather than other prediction tools on novel benchmark datasets. Moreover, we establish user-friendly web server with the implementation of our method.

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APA Citation

Wang, H., Ding, Y., Tang, J., Zou, Q., & Guo, F. (2021). Identify RNA-associated subcellular localizations based on multi-label learning using Chou’s 5-steps rule. BMC Genomics, 22(1).


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