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From insects to humans, oogenesis is tightly linked to nutritional input, yet little is known about how whole organism physiology matches dietary changes with oocyte development. Considering that diet-induced adipose tissue dysfunction is associated with an increased risk for fertility problems, and other obesity-associated pathophysiologies, it is critical to decipher the cellular and molecular mechanisms linking adipose nutrient sensing to remote control of the ovary and other tissues. Our previous studies in Drosophila melanogaster have shown that amino acid sensing, via the amino acid response pathway and mTOR-mediated signaling function within adipocytes to control germline stem cell maintenance and ovulation, respectively. Additionally, we demonstrated that insulin/insulin-like growth factor signaling within adipocytes employs distinct effector axes, PI3K/Akt1-dependent and -independent, downstream of insulin receptor activity to mediate fat-to-ovary communication. Here, we report that the Ras/MAPK signaling axis functions in adipocytes to regulate early germline cyst survival and ovulation of mature oocytes but is not important for germline stem cell maintenance or the progression through vitellogenesis. Thus, these studies uncover the complexity of signaling pathway activity that mediates inter-organ communication.

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APA Citation

Bradshaw, T., Simmons, C., Ott, R., & Armstrong, A. R. (2024). Ras/MAPK signaling mediates adipose tissue control of ovarian germline survival and ovulation in Drosophila melanogaster. Developmental Biology.


© 2024, Elsevier Inc. This article is shared under a Creative Commons CC BY-NC 4.0 deed.