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Nutritional stress impacts many insect species that have differing reproductive strategies and life histories, yet it is unclear how nutrient-sensing signaling pathways mediate tissue-specific responses to changes in dietary input. In Drosophila melanogaster , insulin/insulin-like growth factor (IIS) and mTOR-mediated signaling within adipocytes regulates oogenesis. To facilitate comparative study of nutrient-sensing pathway activity in the fat body, we developed antibodies to assess IIS (anti-FOXO) and mTOR signaling (anti-TOR) across three nymphalid species (Lepidoptera). By optimizing whole-mount fat body immunostaining, we find FOXO nuclear enrichment in adult adipocytes, like that observed in Drosophila . Additionally, we show a previously uncharacterized TOR localization pattern in the fat body.

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APA Citation

Armstrong, A. R. & Boggs, C. L. (2023). Antibody development to identify components of IIS and mTOR signaling pathways in lepidopteran species, a set of non-model insects. MicroPublication Biology.


© 2023 by the authors. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.