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The emphasis on regional vs. single site data in prehistoric archeology is related to the assumption that culture is an adaptive behavioral system articulated with the natural and social environments. The testing of hypotheses and models about the nature of past societies in the historic period likewise requires regional data, not all of which may be available in the historical record. Archeological survey data--including those generated by Environmental Impact studies and other specific contract research--may be relevant to measuring cultural variables of historic period societies on a regional basis. Location, variability, and density of sites are some aspects of the historic archeological record which are especially amenable to measurement using survey data. Some examples of these aspects, derived from recent contract work in Arkansas and Missouri are discussed.
The South Carolina Institute of Archeology and Anthropology--University of South Carolina
Archeological surveying, Environmental Impact Statement, South Carolina, Archeology
House, John H., "Regional Data in Historic Archeology: Examples from Environmental Impact Surveys" (1975). Research Manuscript Series. 76.