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The Charles Towne Archaeological Project of 2000/2001 was designed to discover evidence for the remains of the 1670 Charles Towne settlement. The investigation first used a sampling method called shovel testing to locate concentrations of seventeenth-century artifacts in the northernmost portion of the fortified area of the settlement. Once located, the project began to open a larger block of excavation in the vicinity of this concentration. This, the first of two excavation blocks, ultimately included 65 ten-foot squares and the excavation of hundreds of features. This strategy led to the discovery of an earthfast "lodging", which was bordered by a concentration of seventeenth-century artifacts. The second block of excavation extended the original block by 63 ten-foot squares to include the full extent of the seventeenth-century artifact area of concentration. This project not only demonstrated the use of standard methodological techniques used in historical archaeology but also provided a learning environment for community volunteers and an educational opportunity for local schools.
The South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology--University of South Carolina
Excavations, Charles Towne Landing, Charleston, South Carolina, Archaeology
Stoner, Michael J. and South, Stanley, "Exploring 1670 Charles Towne: 38CH1A/B, Final Archaeology Report" (2001). Research Manuscript Series. 228.