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This report describes the events that led to an unanticipated archaeological investigation of the Pumpkin site, (38GR226) between November 1994 and December 1995. It details the problems incurred due to a sporadic work schedule, vandalism and ever-changing objectives. Ultimately, good fortune far out-weighed the bad because the data acquired at Pumpkin is among the best ever obtained from a prehistoric Middle Woodland site on the South Carolina Piedmont. During our periodic work episodes, plow disturbed soils were removed from approximately 25 percent of the site to reveal 504 pit and posthole features. Only 37 of the features were excavated, but they rewarded us with data sufficient to determine that a rather intense, but brief, occupation occurred at the site during the Connestee Phase (approximately A.D. 100 – A.D. 600), of the Middle Woodland period. Four remarkably similar radiocarbon dates confirmed the occupation span. In addition to the radiocarbon dates, ethnobotanical data was recovered, providing the earliest date yet obtained for plant domestication on the South Atlantic Slope.
The South Carolina Institute of Archeology and Anthropology--University of South Carolina
Excavations, Middle Woodland Sites, South Carolina Piedmont, Greenville County, South Carolina, Archeology
Charles, Tommy, "The Pumpkin Site: 38GR226, Archaeological Investigation of a Prehistoric Middle Woodland Village in Northern Greenville County, South Carolina" (2001). Research Manuscript Series. 203.