Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Laura May


Childhood experiences of maltreatment are related to interpersonal difficulties in childhood (Pettit, Dodge, & Brown, 1988) and adulthood (Messman-Moore & Coates, 2007; Varia & Abidin, 1999; Busby, Walker, & Holman, 2011). However, most studies have examined the effects of maltreatment on interpersonal functioning (Messman-Moore & Coates, 2007; Busby, Walker, & Holman, 2011) within the context of romantic relationships (Hazan & Shaver, 1987; Feeney & Noller, 1990). Thus, the present study examined the impact childhood maltreatment and neglect has on later intrapersonal functioning and interpersonal interactions and whether gender differences emerge therein. Results indicated maltreated individuals initiate relationships less often and assert lower levels of autonomy within those relationships. Further, men with a history of maltreatment reported lower levels of emotional support, suggesting gender may moderate the relationship between experiences of maltreatment and interpersonal outcomes. Finally, individuals with a history of maltreatment reported lower levels of self-esteem than their non-maltreated counterparts.

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