Sheth: 0000-0002-0021-5293

Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Manufacturing Engineering


Manufacturing systems have recently witnessed a shift from the widely adopted automated systems seen throughout industry. The evolution of Industry 4.0 or Smart Manufacturing has led to the introduction of more autonomous systems focused on fault tolerant and customized production. These systems are required to utilize multimodal data such as machine status, sensory data, and domain knowledge for complex decision making processes. This level of intelligence can allow manufacturing systems to keep up with the ever-changing markets and intricate supply chain. Current manufacturing lines lack these capabilities and fall short of utilizing all generated data. This paper delves into the literature aiming at achieving this level of complexity. Firstly, it introduces cognitive manufacturing as a distinct research domain and proposes a definition by drawing upon various preexisting themes. Secondly, it outlines the capabilities brought forth by cognitive manufacturing, accompanied by an exploration of the associated trends and technologies. This contributes to establishing the foundation for future research in this promising field.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

APA Citation

El Kalach, F., Yousif, I., Wuest, T., Sheth, A., & Harik, R. (2024). Cognitive manufacturing: Definition and current trends. Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing.


Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit