The COVID-19 pandemic has forced public health experts to develop contingent policies to stem the spread of infection, including measures such as partial/complete lockdowns. The effectiveness of these policies has varied with geography, population distribution, and effectiveness in implementation. Consequently, some nations (e.g., Taiwan, Haiti) have been more successful than others (e.g., United States) in curbing the outbreak. A data-driven investigation into effective public health policies of a country would allow public health experts in other nations to decide future courses of action to control the outbreaks of disease and epidemics. We chose Spain and India to present our analysis on regions that were similar in terms of certain factors: (1) population density, (2) unemployment rate, (3) tourism, and (4) quality of living. We posit that citizen ideology obtainable from twitter conversations can provide insights into conformity to policy and suitably reflect on future case predictions. A milestone when the curves show the number of new cases diverging from each other is used to define a time period to extract policy-related tweets while the concepts from a causality network of policy-dependent sub-events are used to generate concept clouds. The number of new cases is predicted using sentiment scores in a regression model. We see that the new case predictions reflects twitter sentiment, meaningfully tied to a trigger sub-event that enables policy-related findings for Spain and India to be effectively compared.
Preprint version Proceedings of the AI for Social Good - AAAI Fall Symposium 2020, 2020.
Work by Parth Asawa, Manas Gaur, Kaushik Roy, and Amit Sheth is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license.
Asawa, P., Gaur, M., Roy, K., & Sheth, A. (2020). COVID-19 in Spain and India: Comparing Policy Implications by Analyzing Epidemiological and Social Media Data. ArXiv:2010.14628 [Physics]. http://arxiv.org/abs/2010.14628