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Seventeen elite maize inbred lines of West and Central Africa adaptation with tropical and temperate x tropical origin were investigated for diversity at 18 SSR loci in non-coding regions of the maize genome, alongside two temperate inbred lines (B73 and Mo17), perennial teosinte (Zea diploperennis) and gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides). A total of 174 alleles were detected with a range of 5 to 15 alleles per maker and an average of 9.7 alleles per locus. Polymorphic information content (PIC) ranged from 0.29 in umc1226 to 0.92 in bnlg2122 with an average of 0.75. Relationships between heterotic groups and groups based on SSR data were quite varied for the lines studied. Primarily, the SSR markers grouped the lines on the basis of their origin, with three instances of a pair of heterotic lines clustering together; one pair of temperate origin and the other two tropical vs temperate x tropical. Four inbred lines (CMR 19, CMR 20, CMR 21, and CMR 26), belonging to three heterotic groups were, however, differentiated by SSR data. The markers showed potential for use in managing inbred lines germplasm adapted to West and Central Africa, particularly for classifying inbred lines for which records of ancestry are not readily available and for exploiting the heterosis known for tropical vs. temperate x tropical crosses.