https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019001332

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ORCID iD

Edward Frongillo: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8265-9815

Document Type

Article

Subject Area(s)

Adolescent; Adult; Authoritarianism; Child; Diet Records; Diet, Healthy (statistics & numerical data); Female; Food Supply (statistics & numerical data); Humans; Male; Parenting; Poverty (statistics & numerical data); South Carolina; Surveys and Questionnaires

Abstract

Objective: To examine the association between parenting styles and overall child dietary quality within households that are low-income and food-insecure.

Design: Child dietary intake was measured via a 24 h dietary recall. Dietary quality was assessed using the Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005). Parenting styles were measured and scored using the Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire. Linear regressions were used to test main and interaction associations between HEI-2005 scores and parenting styles.

Setting: Non-probability sample of low-income and food-insecure households in South Carolina, USA.

Participants: Parent–child dyads (n 171). Parents were ≥18 years old and children were 9–15 years old.

Results: We found a significant interaction between authoritative and authoritarian parenting style scores. For those with a mean authoritarian score, each unit increase in authoritative score was associated with a higher HEI-2005 score (b = 3·36, P < 0.05). For those with an authoritarian score that was 1 SD above the mean authoritarian score, each unit increase in authoritative score was associated with a higher HEI-2005 score (b = 8.42, P < 0.01). For those with an authoritarian score that was −1 SD below the mean authoritarian score, each unit increase in authoritative score was associated with a lower HEI-2005 score; however, this was not significant (b = −1·69, P > 0·05). Permissive parenting style scores were negatively associated with child dietary quality (b = −2·79, P < 0·05).

Conclusions: Parenting styles should be considered an important variable that is associated with overall dietary quality in children living within low-income and food-insecure households.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980019001332

APA Citation

Burke, M., Jones, S., Frongillo, E., Blake, C., & Fram, M. (2019). Parenting styles are associated with overall child dietary quality within low-income and food-insecure households. Public Health Nutrition, 22(15), 2835-2843. https://doi.org/10.1017/s1368980019001332

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