Document Type



The FMR1 premutation has been associated with difficulties in executive functioning, including verbal inhibition. However, little is known about the longitudinal profiles of verbal inhibition among FMR1 premutation carriers, particularly in women, and how individual factors such as aging and CGG repeat length may contribute to changes in verbal inhibition over time. The present study examined verbal inhibition performance (i.e., inhibition errors) on the Hayling Sentence Completion Task in a cohort of 92 women with the FMR1 premutation across two timepoints approximately three years apart. We examined the effects of age, CGG repeat length, and their interactions on verbal inhibition over time. We also evaluated whether response latency affected verbal inhibition errors. We found no significant change in verbal inhibition in the full cohort during the three-year study period. However, a subset of FMR1 premutation carriers, namely older participants with higher CGG repeats, evidenced greater declines in verbal inhibition over time. Longer response latencies did not compensate for verbal inhibition errors. The findings suggest that a subset of women with the FMR1 premutation may be at earlier, increased risk for changes in executive functioning, which if confirmed, should be considered as part of the clinical profile associated with the premutation.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

APA Citation

Maltman, N., Klusek, J., DaWalt, L., Hong, J., Sterling, A., Berry-Kravis, E., & Mailick, M. (2022). Verbal inhibition declines among older women with high FMR1 premutation expansions: A prospective study. Brain And Cognition, 159, 105851.

Available for download on Thursday, June 01, 2023