Date of Award

Spring 5-10-2014

Degree Type



Moore School of Business

Director of Thesis

Nancy Buchan

First Reader

David Hudgens


Three decades has passed since China started implementing regulations and policies for population control. Today, the ever-famous “One-Child Policy” is starting to not only lose its popularity, but also its effectiveness in spurring economic growth. This paper will discuss the heavy social cost the last generation had to pay for the growth of economy and the slowing down of population growth, as well as the challenges in social adaptation young adults face today. As part of the literature review, this paper examines the issue of the “Upside down pyramid” and analyzes the family planning policy’s impact on China’s demography. The second half consists of statistical analysis of data gathered from university students from Mainland China, Hong Kong and the United States. Comparisons between children who grew up with and without siblings are then made. This research highlights the differences in attitudes in social adaption between university students in China who are only children and who grew up with siblings, and their consequent implications on society.