This catalog accompanied the exhibit of documents which focus on 400 years of scholarly communication, showing how scientists have used print culture to document their activities, disseminate information, and share discoveries. The increasing professionalization of science can be seen in examples of publishing from the early 16th century to the present day. In the late medieval and early modem periods, science and the dissemination of scientific research was generally an informal, gentlemanly pursuit. In the 18th and 19th centuries, it changed into an increasingly rigorous and organized practice, with growing standards for verification, inclusion, and publication.
University of South Carolina, "University of South Carolina Libraries - Scholarly Communication in the Sciences, from Tycho Brahe to the CDC, January 2008". http://scholarcommons.sc.edu/rbsc_pubs/31/