The Office for the Study of Aging (OSA) at the Arnold School of Public Health of the University of South Carolina (USC), in cooperation with the South Carolina (SC) Department of Health and Human Services, the SC Department of Mental Health, the USC School of Medicine, and the SC Office of Budget and Control, maintains a statewide Registry of SC residents diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease or related disorders.
This report uses the abbreviation ADRD to indicate “Alzheimer's disease or related disorder.” The “related disorders” refer to dementias associated with vascular disease, mixed dementia and with other medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease. Where we refer specifically to “Alzheimer’s disease” (AD), we limit the analysis to individuals with AD only.
Since January 1, 1988, the Registry has identified 150,853 cases of ADRD. During calendar year 2007, the Registry maintained information on 63,834 individuals alive on January 1, 2007.
Maintain the most comprehensive and accurate state registry of ADRD in the nation
Provide disease prevalence estimates to enable better planning for social and medical services
Identify differences in disease prevalence among demographic groups
Help those who care for individuals with ADRD
Foster research into risk factors for ADRD
Of South Carolinians with diagnosed ADRD:
65% have Alzheimer's disease
16% have a dementia due to stroke
19% have a dementia related to other chronic conditions
35% live in an institution
65% are women
32% are African American
39% of those with AD are 85 years or older
Population Prevalence of ADRD, South Carolina, 2007:
Based on the Registry and population estimates from the United States Census,
10% of South Carolinians age 65 or over have ADRD
31% of South Carolinians age 85 or over have ADRD
Alzheimer’s disease prevalence rates vary notably among SC counties.
African Americans are at notably higher risk of an Alzheimer’s disease diagnosis than are non-Hispanic whites. At ages 65 and older, for example, African American South Carolinians are almost twice as likely to have ADRD as are non-Hispanic whites.
South Carolina ADRD Projection:
Based on methods commonly used to estimate prevalence, the number of South Carolinians with Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders will increase by 150% in the next fifteen years. (see Figure 2)
Other Activities of the OSA:
In addition to maintaining the Registry and conducting research using this valuable state resource, the OSA works to provide South Carolina’s older persons and their families with access to quality, reliable health and long term care service delivery systems. Specifically, OSA’s focus includes the following:
Provide education on ADRD management
Develop training on long term care issues
Contribute technical assistance for programs for older South Carolinians
Help to evaluate programs for older South Carolinians
Conduct research on aging issues