This paper sheds new light on the conditions governing extraction from NPs. A close examination of wh-extraction out of object NPs reveals that previously unnoticed semantic factors play a greater role than has been recognized. In particular, we find that NPs lacking 'participant' structure do not permit wh-extraction at all, and that certain NPs permit extraction even when they are definite. At the same time, the prohibition on wh-extraction from subject NPs is shown to be a purely syntactic phenomenon which arises from the particular way in which the Extended Projection Principle is satisfied in English.
Postprint version. Published in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, Volume 21, Issue 1, 2003, pages 1-37.
Davies, W. D., & Dubinsky, S. (2003). On extraction from NPs. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 21(1), 1-37.
© Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, 2003, Springer Verlag
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