Date of Award

Summer 2022

Document Type

Open Access Dissertation


Educational Leadership and Policies

First Advisor

Peter Moyi


The underperformance of gifted students is a concern facing all educators. Having students who do not work up to their potential, who make grades lower than test scores show they could, and who choose to focus on other interests instead of academics are issues that occur in many schools. This study sought to learn the perceptions of educational leader in regard to this underperformance. The Palmer Model, a proposed intervention plan, was developed based on a Response to Intervention (RtI) model using a 3-tier intervention approach. Using online questionnaires and focus groups, perceptions were examined and critiques of the proposed intervention plan were determined. The findings showed relevance, relationships, and competing interests as the perceptions leaders have regarding gifted underperformance. The Palmer Model was recognized as an intervention method that was appropriate to address the issues facing underperforming gifted males.