Date of Award
Open Access Dissertation
John Fuh-sheng Hsieh
This dissertation proposes a model of two-stage process of democratization. In the first stage, income inequality is associated with political liberalization, but this association is conditional on economic development. In the second stage, political liberalization is associated with democratization. By looking at 125 authoritarian regimes from 1960 to 2010, I find that in rich countries, high income inequality is associated with low political liberalization, which may stabilize autocratic regimes; while low income inequality is associated with high political liberalization. In poor countries, high income inequality is associated with political liberalization, while low inequality has no effect.
In the second stage, I find that political liberalization, such as electoral component, liberal component, and participatory component of democracy are associated with democratization. These components of democracy may help citizens to develop prodemocracy attitude. This research attempts to extend the understanding of the relationship between income inequality, economic development, and democratization by including political liberalization.
Lin, Y.(2020). Liberalization First, Democratization Later: The Linkage Between Income Inequality, Economic Development, and Democratization. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from https://scholarcommons.sc.edu/etd/6120