Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis


Moore School of Business


Business Administration

First Advisor

Andrew Spicer


Several studies have examined the country-level effects on multinational enterprises that go into the developing countries, including the least developed countries. Few studies have considered the firm-level effects. This study uses the multilevel modeling method as outlined by Klein and Kozlowski (2000), Raudenbush and Bryk (2002), and Bliese and Hanges (2004) to examine whether there are any systemic patterns of multinational enterprises across the least developed countries. This paper uses information on foreign affiliates in the least developed countries to examine the overall trends of multinational firms in the least developed countries. Using data from the United Nations’ most recent report on foreign affiliates in least developed countries (UNCTAD, 2011), I apply a multilevel approach to the size variations between foreign affiliates within the least developed countries. I find no significant systemic effects on the variations in firm size at either the country-level or industry-level. These results lead us to conjecture that the variations in size are idiosyncratic rather than systemic.