Date of Award


Document Type

Open Access Thesis




College of Arts and Sciences

First Advisor

Joanna Casey


The Woodland period was a time of changing settlement patterns, social structure, and technology. Increasing sedentism and social complexity begin during this period in the Savannah River valley and triangular bifaces enter the technological repertoire for the first time in the form of Yadkin bifaces. Yadkins are found exclusively in Middle Woodland contexts suggesting they played an important role in the changes occurring during this time. This thesis establishes the presence of the bow and arrow during the Middle Woodland period through a functional analysis of Yadkin and Eared Yadkin bifaces from South Carolina. This analysis shows that the evolutionary approaches used to explain the relationship between social complexity and the bow and arrow are inadequate for the Savannah River valley and other perspectives must be employed.

Included in

Anthropology Commons