Many experiments on the mechanics of nanostructures require the creation of rigid clamps at specific locations. In this work, electron-beam-induced deposition(EBID) has been used to depositcarbonfilms that are similar to those that have recently been used for clamping nanostructures. The film deposition rate was accelerated by placing a paraffin source of hydrocarbon near the area where the EBIDdeposits were made. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy, electron-energy-loss spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, secondary-ion-mass spectrometry, and nanoindentation were used to characterize the chemical composition and the mechanics of the carbonaceous deposits. The typical EBIDdeposit was found to be hydrogenated amorphous carbon (a-C:H) having more sp2- than sp3-bonded carbon.Nanoindentation tests revealed a hardness of ∼4GPa and an elastic modulus of 30–60GPa, depending on the accelerating voltage. This reflects a relatively soft film, which is built out of precursor molecular ions impacting the growing surface layer with low energies. The use of such deposits as clamps for tensile tests of poly(acrylonitrile)-based carbon nanofibers loaded between opposing atomic force microscope cantilevers is presented as an example application
Published in Journal of Applied Physics, Volume 98, Issue 1, 2005, pages #014905-.
©Journal of Applied Physics 2005, American Institute of Physics.
Ding, W., Dikin, D. A., Chen, X., Piner, R. D., Fuogg, R. S., Zussman, E., Wang, X., & Li, X. (1 July 2005). Mechanics of Hydrogenated Amorphous Carbon Deposits from Electron-Beam-Induced Deposition of Paraffin Precursor. Journal of Applied Physics, 98 (1), #014905. http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.1940138