Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Chemical Engineering


A two-dimensional mathematical model is presented for a lead dioxide electrode in a lead-acid cell. It is used to simulate the time dependent behavior of the electrode during discharge. The model contains six dependent variables: the concentration of the acid electrolyte, the porosity, the electrical potentials of the solid and solution phases, and the two directional components of the current density in the electrolyte. The effect of the electrode grid was included by varying the conductivity of the solid. Parameters such as electrode conductivity, electrode dimensions, and temperature are investigated to understand their effects on electrode discharge performance.