We present a time-dependent semiclassical method based on quantum trajectories. Quantum-mechanical effects are described via the quantum potential computed from the wave function density approximated as a linear combination of Gaussian fitting functions. The number of the fitting functions determines the accuracy of the approximate quantum potential (AQP). One Gaussian fit reproduces time-evolution of a Gaussian wave packet in a parabolic potential. The limit of the large number of fitting Gaussians and trajectories gives the full quantum-mechanical result. The method is systematically improvable from classical to fully quantum. The fitting procedure is implemented as a gradient minimization. We also compare AQP method to the widely used semiclassical propagator of Herman and Kluk by computing energy-resolved transmission probabilities for the Eckart barrier from the wave packet time-correlation functions. We find the results obtained with the Herman–Kluk propagator to be essentially equivalent to those of AQP method with a one-Gaussian density fit for several barrier widths.
Published in Journal of Chemical Physics, Volume 118, Issue 6, 2003, pages 2482-2490.
© 2003 by American Institute of Physics