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Traditional research into the Late Archaic period in the Southeastern United States has focused on matters related to subsistence and procurement, carried out under such paradigms as Cultural Ecology, Optimal Foraging Theory, and settlement/subsistence studies. The Landscape Archaeology approach is able to unify a number of these traditionally separate avenues of research into a holistic approach, while incorporating recent revisionist models such as Social Territories, Boundary/Center studies, and the dialectic between the physical/cultural landscape and individual perceptions of it. When the Landscape Archaeology approach is operationalized through Geographic Information Systems methodology, a truly powerful theory and method may be applied to the study of past cultural systems. Here, that combination is used to explore the existence of Late Archaic maximum band social territories and minimum band subsistence territories (Habitual Use Areas) in the Savannah River Valley of Georgia and South Carolina.
The South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology--University of South Carolina
Excavations, GIS, Geographic Information Systems, Landscapes, Late Archaic Period, Savannah River Valley, Georgia, South Carolina, Archaeology
Savage, Stephen Howard, "Late Archaic Landscapes" (1989). Anthropological Studies. 6.