Optical fibers are being used in an ever more diverse array of applications today. Many of these modern applications are in high-power and, particularly, high power-per-unit-bandwidth systems where optical nonlinearities historically have not limited overall performance. Today, however, nominally weak effects, such as stimulated Brillouin scattering (SBS), are restricting continued scaling to higher optical powers. To address these limitations, the optical fiber industry has focused on fiber geometry-related solutions such as large mode area (LMA) designs. However, since all linear and nonlinear optical phenomena are fundamentally materials-based in origin, this paper identifies material solutions to present and future performance limitations in high power optical fiber-based systems.
"Towards the Perfect Optical Fiber,"
Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science: Vol. 13
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholarcommons.sc.edu/jscas/vol13/iss1/3