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Abstract

At Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1090 (lat 42854.89S, long 8854.09E) locatedin a water depth of 3702 m on the Agulhas Ridge in the sub-Antarctic South Atlantic, ~300 m of middle Eocene to middle Miocenesediments were recovered with the advancedpiston corer (APC) and the extendedcore barrel (XCB). U-channel samplesfrom the 70–230 meters composite depth(mcd) interval provide a magnetic polaritystratigraphy that is extended to 380 mcd byshipboard whole-core and discrete sampledata. The magnetostratigraphy can be interpretedby the fit of the polarity-zone patternto the geomagnetic polarity time scale(GPTS) augmented by isotope data andbioevents with documented correlation tothe GPTS. Three normal-polarity subchrons(C5Dr.1n, C7Ar.1n, and C13r.1n),not included in the standard GPTS, are recordedat Site 1090. The base of the sampledsection is correlated to C19n (middleEocene), although the interpretation is unclearbeyond C17r. The top of the sampledsection is correlated to C5Cn (late earlyMiocene), although, in the uppermost 10 m of the sampled section, a foraminifer (Globorotaliasphericomiozea) usually associatedwith the Messinian and early Pliocene hasbeen identified. 87Sr/86Sr, d13C, and d18Ovalues measured on foraminifera, includingthe d18O and d13C shifts close to the Eocene/Oligocene boundary, support the correlationto the GPTS. For the interval spanningthe Oligocene/Miocene boundary, benthicd13C, d18O, and 87Sr/86Sr records from Site1090 can be correlated to isotope recordsfrom ODP Site 929 (Ceara Rise), providing support for the recently-published Oligocene/Miocene boundary age (22.92 Ma) of Shackleton et al.

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