Date of Award

12-14-2015

Document Type

Open Access Thesis

Department

Criminology and Criminal Justice

First Advisor

Tia Stevens-Andersen

Abstract

With growing reports of bullying victimization ranging from 8 percent to 46 percent in many countries, bullying victimization has been declared an international problem often affecting youth in or near one’s school with poor parental supervision. While there has been a growing body of research concerning bullying victimization, few studies have examined the collateral consequences of bullying victimization and the mediating role of family processes through the theoretical lens of general strain theory. This thesis attempts to shed light on such a complex social phenomena and contribute to the bullying and stress literature. This study posits that bullying victimization is positively related to delinquent outcomes, the effect of bullying victimization is attenuated for those with a positive family environment, and the effect of bullying victimization on late adolescent delinquency is dependent upon family process and gender. Using data from the NLSY97, these assumptions were analyzed using binary logistic regression. The data analyses revealed bullying victimization had a positive direct effect on the odds of engaging in marijuana use and physical assault. Furthermore, home environments characterized by supportive parents and parental control reduced the likelihood of late adolescent delinquency. However, there was no evidence that relationship between experiencing bullying victimization and substance use and violent behavior in late adolescence was moderated by family processes and/or gender, with the exception of the moderate-strong interaction effect between bullying victimization and parent limit-setting on likelihood of hard drug use.

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