Date of Award

1-1-2012

Document Type

Campus Access Dissertation

Department

Physics and Astronomy

Sub-Department

Physics

First Advisor

Ralf W Gothe

Abstract

Understanding the structure of baryons in terms of the fundamental interaction of the constituent quarks and gluons is one of the primary challenges in strong inter- action physics. This interaction is governed by Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD), which is a theory for understanding the dynamics of strong. QCD displays the as- ymptotic freedom of hadrons at very short distances and also the confinement of quarks and gluons inside hadrons. However, solutions of this QCD theory in the non-perturbative domain of the interaction are extremely difficult to achieve, mainly because confinement happens on the hadronic scale on which the coupling constant is large and prevents any perturbative approach. Thus leaving us with strategies such as lattice QCD or formulating QCD sum rules to get around this problem. In exclusive hadron production the N interaction is recognized for being a pow- erful method for investigating hadrons and the mysteries that still exist within the strong interaction. From reactions with the nucleon, the strong interaction can be investigated through the transition amplitudes to the N and resonances. More specifically, if an electromagnetic interaction is well known then the intermediate resonance states may be evaluated through meson photoproduction. To gain more detailed insight into this interaction, we look to probe the baryon structure of the nu- cleon and the photo-excited resonance decays through photon scattering off a deuteron producing two pions in the final state. This photoproduction process off the deuteron will be used to investigate known baryon resonances in the two pion channel. The two pion final state will be investigated for unraveling new information into the photo-coupling strengths. We want to explore final state interactions, search for properties of known resonances, and to explore the possibility of seeing missing states that are predicted by quark models but have not yet been found experimentally. Us- ing the CEBAF Large Acceptance Spectrometer (CLAS), the hadronic products are detected in coincidence with the incident scattered photon on a deuterium target. This makes it possible to measure the single differential cross sections and the de- cay angular distributions for the production of two pion final states. The measured cross sections will contribute significantly to a better understanding of the coupling strengths that govern the baryonic and mesonic resonances which will push the knowl- edge of the strong interaction to a next level. We use CLAS to study the two pion channel from the eg3 data set, for resonance production, specifically investigating the exclusive reaction of d ! p+−n, and comparing the relevant cross sections to already existing data sets. The eg3 data set provided an excellent data set for investigating photo-induced baryonic and mesonic resonances. It contains a large photon tagging range from 1.1 to 5.5 GeV in the study of photo-coupling strengths, as well as an available two pion reaction channel for resonant decay study. These measurements provide unique and coherent results from tagged photons over a broad range of energy, and represent the only two pion production data above 5 GeV at this present time. We found that the data produced good comparable single-differentials cross sections to other existing CLAS (gll dataset) two pion differential cross sections, and an excellent comparable total cross section to published (ELSA and ABBHHM) two pion total cross sections.

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