Document Type

Article

Subject Area(s)

Electrical Engineering

Abstract

In this paper we provide channel characterization results for the elevator shaft channel in the 5-GHz band, based upon measurements conducted in four buildings. This channel is of interest for several applications, including WiFi and public safety. Although several authors have provided elevator shaft channel characteristics for lower-frequency bands (255-MHz, 900-MHz, 1.9-GHz), to our knowledge this is the first work that addresses the 5-GHz band. Moreover, prior work has not thoroughly addressed channel characteristics when the elevator car is in motion, whereas here we provide measurement and modeling results for this dynamic condition. Our measurements were of power delay profiles, from which we estimated propagation path loss and root-mean square delay spread (RMS-DS). Path loss exponents were approximately 2.5 in one building and 5.5 in the other three buildings, with standard deviations about the log-distance linear fits equal to approximately 3 dB and 5.5 dB, respectively. Mean RMS-DS values range from approximately 14-60 ns when the elevator car is motionless. Maximum RMS-DS values were 144 ns and 152 ns in the two different types of buildings when the elevator car is moving. The significant differences in these channel characteristics among the four buildings are likely attributable to the distinct physical features of the buildings.

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