The effectiveness of underpotential deposition of Pb onto a membrane made of AISI 4340 steel on the reduction of the hydrogen evolution reaction on the membrane and the degree of hydrogen ingress into the membrane was determined. In the presence of a monolayer coverage of Pb on the membrane surface, the hydrogen evolution currents were reduced by a factor of two compared with the values obtained on bare steel, and the steady-state hydrogen permeation flux through the steel membranes was reduced by 71%.
Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 1993, pages 3153-3158.
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