Document Type


Subject Area(s)

Chemical Engineering


An extensive survey of the Docktor-Ingenieur Dissertationen of Jakob Jörissen and Klaus-R. Menschig, both originally from the Universität Dortmund, is presented in regard to the empirical modeling of membrane chlor-alkali cells and how it can be applied to a combined zero gap/attached porous electrode layer membrane cell. Particular emphasis isplaced on Menschig's work on zero gap (ZG) and attached porous electrode layer (APEL) membrane chlor-alkali cells, the first such research to appear in the open literature. Menschig developed various computer programs to characterize these ZG and APEL membrane chlor-alkali cells. He characterized these cells by using the following parameters: the current density distribution over the membrane, the species concentrations on the membrane surfaces, equivalent diffusion layer thicknesses for the mesh electrodes/current collectors and attached porous electrode layers, and the electrode overpotentials and equilibrium potentials using the surface concentrations for the ZG and APEL cell configurations. He used empirical equations first presented by Jörissen for gap membrane cells combined with his own experimental observations for a cell which used NafionTM 390, a bilayer perfluorosulfonic acid membrane, to determine values for these parameters. His empirical relations describe the dependence of the flux of OH from catholyte to anolyte as a function of catholyte caustic concentration (cC:NaOH) and the membrane potential drop as a function of catholyte caustic (cC:NaOH) and anolyte salt concentrations (cA:NaCl). By using the experimental values for total cell potential, current density, and cell outlet concentrations with the empirical equations, Menschig calculated values for the characterizing parameters mentioned above. He used these values and other information (e.g., membrane and porous electrode layer conductivity) to predict the total cell potential for the ZG configuration. With prior knowledge of total cell potential and current efficiency for corresponding APEL and ZG cell configurations, membrane surface concentrations were derived and used in the prediction of total cell potential for a combined zero gap/attached electrode cell.