Document Type

Article

Subject Area(s)

Biological Sciences

Abstract

Control regions of the nopaline synthase (nos) gene have been widely used to express foreign genes in plants since the promoter is active in a wide variety of plant tissues. We report here the characteristics of the nos promoter activity in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants at various developmental stages. The promoter was highly active in the lower parts of a plant and gradually decreased in the upper parts. This vertical gradient was maintained throughout plant growth until the flowering stage when the overall promoter strength decreased significantly in the vegetative organs. However, in various flower organs, the nos promoter activities increased dramatically. Higher activity was observed in calyx, corolla, and stamens although the maximum promoter activity in each organ was found at different stages of flower development. The promoter activity in pistils was low and gradually increased in the ovaries after anthesis. In developing fruits, the nos promoter activity was strongly induced during the mid-stage of embryogenesis. These results indicate that the expression of the nos promoter is developmentally regulated and organ specific in transgenic tobacco plants.

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